TERRAPUB Geochemical Journal

Geochemical Journal, Vol. 53, 2019


Behavior of major and trace elements during weathering rind formation in buried terrace basalt cobble

Koshi YAMAMOTO1*, Yasuhiro HARUTA1, Setsuo YOGO2 and Hidekazu YOSHIDA2

1Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Furo, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8601, JAPAN
2Nagoya University Museum, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, JAPAN

(Received November 27, 2018; Accepted March 12, 2019)

Abstract: In order to reveal elemental mobility during weathering rind formation, a basalt cobble buried in a fluvial terrace conglomerate layer is examined based on the elemental concentration profiles across the rind to fresh core for major and trace elements including rare earth elements. The weathering rind showed extreme depletion of SiO2, FeO, MgO, CaO, Na2O, Co, Zn, Sr, Ni, Y and LREEs and slight depletion of Al2O3 compared to fresh core. Dissolution of SiO2 together with Al2O3 and Zn can be explained by basification of interstitial water by dissolution of alkali and alkaline earth elements under the groundwater table. While REEs and Y are immobile under the basic condition because of low solubility, dissolution of these elements may have occurred under the oxidative and acidic condition above groundwater table after subsequent uplifting the layer. Thus the dissolution of elements have occurred at two stages during weathering rind formation.
Key words: Basalt, Cobble, Rind formation , Elemental behavior

*Corresponding author E-mail: yamamoto@eps.nagoya-u.ac.jp