TERRAPUB Aqua-BioScience Monographs


Vol. 10 (No. 2), pp. 23–40, 2017 doi:10.5047/absm.2017.01002.0023

A Strategy for Fisheries Resources Management in Southeast Asia: A Case Study of an Inland Fishery around Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia

Satoshi Ishikawa1*, Mina Hori2 and Hisashi Kurokura3

1Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 457-4, Kamigamo-motoyama, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8047, Japan
2Kuroshio Science Unit, Multidisciplinary Science Cluster Kochi University, 2-5-1 Akebono-cho, Kochi 780-8520, Japan
3Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan *e-mail: oounagi@chikyu.ac.jp

(Received on May 3, 2014; Accepted on January 5, 2015; Online published on March 31, 2017)

Abstract: Various researches are usually required for fisheries resources management including stock structure identification of some fisheries target species using genetic methods, stock assessment based on existing statistical data, and impact assessments of the transition of fisheries management on fishers' livelihoods through social studies. However, to conduct all this research is quite difficult due to several constraints in developing countries. Therefore, establishment of a reseach strategy for fisheries management in developing countries based on the minimum requirements is quite important. One series of research focused on clarification of minimum requirement was conducted on inland fisheries in Cambodia. Genetic studies can be used for stock identification, and existing statistical analysis based on stationary fishing gear data, demonstrated the ability to understand stock trends using indicators. Social studies emphasized the importance of the participation of fisheries communities and traders in stock management. Our results demonstrated a model for the research of fisheries management in developing countries as follows: a fisheries community can be initiated and sustained through community-based stationary fishing gear operations with licenses from the government, and scientists can reveal the distribution of fish stock as management targets; consequently, governments can better understand fish stock status based on fisheries data from community fishery groups in a particular area and set applicable regulation for fisheries activities. In conclusion, the collaboration of communities of fishery groups, governments, and scientists is necessary for natural resource management for sustainable use in countries in which the livelihoods of people are deeply embedded in ecosystem services.

Keywords: Cambodia, Tonle Sap Lake, fishery management, community based activity, stock assessment, genetic population structure, future Earth


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