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Fig. 9. Experimenting with a forwarder hauling of slashes. Reprinted with kind permission from Springer Science + Business Media: Journal of Forest Research, Cost, energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) effectiveness of a harvesting and transporting system for residual forest biomass. 7(3), 2002, 157–163. Yoshioka, T, Aruga, K, Sakai, H, Kobayashi, H, Nitami, T, Fig. 3. © 2002, Springer Japan. Reprinted from Biomass and Bioenergy, 30(4), Proceedings of the third annual workshop of Task 31 'Systainable production systems for bioenergy: Impacts on forest resources and utilization of wood for energy' October 2003, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA, Yoshioka et al., A case study on the costs and the fuel consumption of harvesting, transporting, and chipping chains for logging residues in Japan, 342–348, Copyright (2006), with permission from Elsevier.

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