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Table 2. Harvesting and transporting costs of logging residues per Mg on a dry-weight basis. Reprinted from Biomass and Bioenergy, 29(5), Yoshioka et al., Woody biomass resources and conversion in Japan: The current situation and projections to 2010 and 2050, 336–346, Copyright (2005), with permission from Elsevier.

1From Hudson and Hudson (2000).
2Power output of the engine is 79.4 kW/2,200 rpm.
3A wheel-type forwarder with 3,000 kg of load capacity is assumed.
4A truck of 4 tons by a transport contractor.
5Purchasing a 18-ton trailer with a cubic capacity of 60 m3 and employing a driver is considered.
6A tub grinder is assumed, and power output of the engine is 295 kW/2,100 rpm.

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