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Table 11. Comparison with three European countries in terms of harvesting cost and CO2 emission per MWh of bioenergy. Reprinted with kind permission from Springer Science + Business Media: Journal of Forest Research, Cost, energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) effectiveness of a harvesting and transporting system for residual forest biomass. 7(3), 2002, 157–163. Yoshioka, T, Aruga, K, Sakai, H, Kobayashi, H, Nitami, T, Table 3. © 2002, Springer Japan.

1The mass of CO2 emitted from 1 dm3 of light oil = 0.84 kgCO2 (Korpilahti 1998) (CO2 emission per MWh of bioenergy is calculated from this value and Table 10.
2From Hunter et al. (1999), and the hauling distance was not referred to.
3From Andersson (1999), and the hauling distance was not referred to.
4From Korpilahti (1998).
5These values are the results of the preliminary sensitivity analysis (see Table 10).
6These are the cases in which balers were introduced. The baler compresses slashes into cylindrical bales (Andersson 1999). "Bale" is also called "bundle" or "composite residue log (CRL)."
7These are the cases in which chipper-trucks that combine comminuting and transporting were introduced. The chipper-truck comminutes slashes during transportation.

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