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Table 16. Energy density of the required materials and fuel.* Reprinted with kind permission from Springer Science + Business Media: Journal of Forest Research, Energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) balance of logging residues as alternative energy resources: System analysis based on the method of a life cycle inventory (LCI) analysis. 10(2), 2005, 125–134. Yoshioka, T, Aruga, K, Nitami, T, Kobayashi, H, Sakai, H, Table 4. © 2005, Springer Japan.

*This table is prepared with reference to Uchiyama and Yamamoto (1991), given the conversion coefficient 4.18605 J/cal.
**In terms of electricity, the value of 9.419 MJ/kWhe, which was calculated based on the composition of power resources in Japan as of 1988 (14% for coal, 24% for oil, and 22% for natural gas), was adopted in Chapter 6.

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